The International Women's Day goes back to the 03/08/1908. At that time were the workers of the textile factory "Cotton" in New York on strike to demand better living and working conditions. The factory owners and supervisors joined the women in the factory to prevent the contact and solidarity with other workforces. When suddenly a fire broke out, 129 workers died in the blaze.
Initiated by Clara Zetkin (1857-1933), the first International Women's Day was held on 19 March 1911. Millions of women in Denmark, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the USA participated. The choice of this date should emphasize the revolutionary character of the Women's Day. March 18 was the day of remembrance for the fallen soldiers in Berlin during the Revolution 1848th
The main demands were:
In the following years of International Women's Day was celebrated annually from February to April. The establishment of the International Women's Day on 8 March 1921. This was done should be reminded of the textile workers 'strike in St. Petersburg, which spread to other sectors and a large workers' demonstration triggered. These fights took the occasion of Women's Day on March 8, 1917. - according to the old Russian calendar on 23 February - and triggered the beginning of the "February Revolution" from.
A sharp drop in Germany brought the Nazi ideology of the role of woman as wife and mother. During the 3rd Reich of Women was banned and was replaced by Mother's Day.
After the second world war found in the GDR in 1946 again to celebrate Women's Day. In the socialist countries the social liberation of women was organized and celebrated the day with official celebrations for the women. In the FRG, the Women's Day was revived only in the late 60s by the new, autonomous women's movement. March 8 was an important platform of the women's movement. Issues such as the rights of foreigners, discrimination against non-heterosexual lifestyles and better securing the rights of women within the framework of the European approach to be taken.